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Samuda Chemical Complex Limited (SCCL) is a private limited company owned by Mr. Mohammad Abul Kalam, Ms. Farzana Afroze, Mr. Mohammad Mustafa Haider, Ms. Rizwana Afroze, Mr. Osman Goni and Ms. Khaleda Begum. SCCL was incorporated in 2006 in Bangladesh under the Companies Act, 1994 and has an authorized capital of BDT 5,000,000,000. It is the largest caustic soda and hydrogen peroxide plant at present in Bangladesh.

The project envisages setting up a pioneering chemical complex in Bangladesh which is expected to reduce the dependability of our country on imported chemicals. One of the key challenges of this endeavour is to produce a versatile array of chemical products which would add a great value to the economy as a backward integration for several industries, especially textiles. The project has been designed to produce 7 chemicals of 195 MT/day, which includes

  • Caustic Soda,
  • Hydrogen Peroxide,
  • Stable Bleaching Powder,
  • Chlorine,
  • Sodium Hypochlorite,
  • Chlorinated Paraffin Wax, and
  • Hydrochloric Acid.

 
Please note that, Nuberg Engineering (Pvt.) Ltd. (NEL) has been selected as the turnkey contractor for SCCL to provide comprehensive project management. Earlier NEL had supplied caustic soda plantplant to Global Chemical (Opsonin group). NEL hais under 3 (three) years service contract with SCCL. This contract will tie them to design and install the plant, ensure the desired quality of the output, train the human resources on the plant operations, and would prohibit them from assisting to set-up of any other peroxide or caustic plants in Bangladesh for the next five years.


The Sponsors:

MOHAMMAD ABUL KALAM:

Chief Advisor

Mohammad. Abul Kalam, Managing Director of TK Group of Industries, started his career in commodity trading in 1972. He gradually started his own edible oil refinery plant TK Oil Refinery in Kalurghat, Chittagong in 1981. This was only the beginning in the creation of one of the most diversified and successful business conglomerates in Bangladesh. He is considered to be one of the most valued clients to most of the financial institutions, both local and international. Under his dynamic leadership TK Group of Industries not only continued to excel in the new millennium but also has achieved a unique image for itself as being one of the most stable, profitable and ethical  conglomerate in Bangladesh. Currently there are 49  industries under the umbrella of TK Group of Industries most of which are currently in smooth operation and its products and services range from edible oil, cement, steel, leather, paper, garments, knitting, veneer & particle boards etc. TK Group is one of the top five players in the edible oil and vegetable fat, paper, steel, and commodity trading sectors.

 

FARZANA AFROZE:

Chairperson

Ms. Farzana Afroze, the eldest daughter of Mohammad  Abul Kalam, completed her Bachelors in Science in Business Studies with an emphasis on Entrepreneurial Studies from the University of Southern California, Marshall School of Business, USA in May 2004.

During her stay in the USA, she had the opportunity to be an Intern at UBS Financial Services, one of the world’s leading financial institutions, where she was the key person to design the Retirement Benefit Training Manual. She was a nominated member of the Marshall Women’s Leadership Board (MWLB) and was selected as a Marshall Student Ambassador. Her other educational achievements include :Special Merit Scholarship, Dean’s List Student in 2002 and 2003, USA Dean’s List Student in 2003, and membership of National Society of Collegiate Scholars, USA.

After her graduation, she worked for a high-end fashion company, Mellies Inc., Beverly Hills, California as Special Projects Manager where she was responsible tofor bringing strategic changes within the organization and builtd a more structured and decentralized operation system. She decided to return to Bangladesh in July 2005.

From 2005 Ms. Afroze started overseeing the garments business which is due to her leadership & hard efforts currently doubling-up its capacity and a button manufacturing factory has started to roll.

MOHAMMAD MUSTAFA HAIDER:

Managing Director

Mr. Mohammad  Mustafa Haider, the eldest son of Mohammad Abul Kalam, completed his Bachelors in Science in Business Studies with an emphasis in Finance from the University of Southern California, Marshall School of Business, USA in May 2005.

After completion of his graduation that year, Mr. Haider came back to Bangladesh and joined Premier Cement. He was overseeing the sales of Premier Cement and under his supervision the sales of Premier Cement doubled within the next 6 months!

Mr. Haider is also involved in the Sales and Marketing of TK consumer products under the brand name of Pusti & Family.
 

Key Management:


 
Farzana Afroze, Chairperson

Md. Mustafa Haider, Managing Director

Mr. Tariq Ahmed, COO:

Mr. Tariq Ahmed has worked with TK Group from November 1999 as the Director of Operations and Marketing. His job at TK required him to oversee day-to-day operations of one of the largest business conglomerates in Bangladesh which comprises over 49 business units. He has prolonged experience in product sourcing, value chain management, organizational development and business strategy development.

Mr. Tariq received his Masters Degree from Dhaka University in 1977 and joined Unilever in 1980 as Management Trainee where he worked in International Trading and Marketing as Manager Exports till 1986. In 1986, he joined the marketing team as Head of Foods Marketing where he worked till 1997. From 1997 to 1999, he was the HR Manager. He had international exposure while working in UK with Unilever Foods from 1983 to 1984.

Mr. Nasim Anwar, CFO:

Mr. Nasim Anwar, FCA did his Bachelor of Commerce in the year 1987 and qualified as Chartered Accountant in 1993. He started his career with Padma Oil Company Ltd., the largest oil marketing company in Bangladesh. He was the Finance Manager and Company Secretary of Padma Oil Company Ltd. He worked as Financial Consultant of Agip Gas BV, the largest gas exploration company in Europe, from July 2001 to August 2002. Total investment portfolio of this company was around US$7 billion. He served TK Group of Industries as Finance Director from September 2002 to December 2005.

 

Production Overview

Products

Product Mix

SCCL has a range of seven products that is being produced on a regular basis. The plant is primarily dedicated toward the production of Peroxide and Caustic..

However Chlorine and Hydrogen are generated as bi-products of Caustic. Both these bi-products can be processed, using fairly simple procedures, to several other products. In the case of SCCL, the company is producing Stable Bleaching Powder, Sodium Hypochlorite, Hydrochloric Acid, Chlorinated Paraffin Wax and also sell some of the Chlorine in the local market.

The list of all products and their target production capacity per day is provided below:

Sl No. Particulars Unit Amount
1 Hydrogen Peroxide MT/ Day 70.00
2 Caustic Soda MT/ Day 60.00
3 Chlorine MT/ Day 7.00
4 Stable Bleaching Powder MT/ Day 16.00
5 Sodium Hypochlorite MT/ Day 20.00
6 Hydrochloric Acid MT/ Day 100.00
7 Chlorinated Paraffin Wax MT/ Day 20.00

 

The output mix can be changed based on market demand of each of the products.

Product Features


I. Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)

Attributes   Specifications
Chemical Name : Hydrogen Peroxide
Chemical Formula : H2O2
Concentration : >50% by wt%
Acidity : 0.03%
Non-volatile matters : <1% by wt
Appearance : ColorlessColourless, transparent liquid
Stability : >97%
Packing : Air Sealed HDP Jerry can of 335 kg

II. Caustic Soda (NaOH) Flakes
 
Attributes   Specifications  
Chemical Name : Caustic Soda/ Sodium Hydroxide  
Chemical Formula : NaOH  
Molecular Weight : 40.005
 
Chemical Specification: Caustic Soda Flakes : Caustic Soda Flakes Caustic Soda Liquid
NaOH
: 98% min
50% min
NaCl : 0.03% max 160 ppm max 60 ppm max
Na2CO3 : 0.40% max <than 5 ppm 35ppm max
Fe(ppm) : 105 ppm max <than 5 ppm
Ni : 5 ppm max 1 ppm max
Packing : Air sealed poly woven bags of 25/25/50 kg Tank Lorry

III. Stable Bleaching Powder

Attributes   Specifications
Chemical Name : Calcium Hypochlorite
Chemical Formula : Ca(ClO)2
pH : 10-12
Specific Gravity : 2.35 at 200
Solubility : Water
Available Chlorine : 33% to 35%
Packing : Air sealed poly woven bags of 25 kg and 50 kg tin drum.

 
IV. Sodium Hypochlorite

Attributes   Specifications
Chemical Name : Sodium Hypochlorite
Chemical Formula : NaOCl
pH : 10-12
Specific Gravity : 1.1 to 1.12 at 200 c
Solubility : Cold water but decomposes in heat
Available Chlorine : 5.25% to 6% with excess hydroxide of 7 to 7.5 grams per liter
Packing : Air sealed poly woven bags of 25 kg

 
V. Hydrochloric Acid

Attributes   Specifications
Chemical Name : Hydrochloric Acid (commercial Grade)
Chemical Formula : HCl
Appearance : Clear colorless to slightly yellow liquid
Nature : Pungent and irritating odour, corrosive
HCl Present : 30-33%
Iron Content : 10ppm max
Packing : By rubber lining tank trucks directly to industry and customer having valid license with a capacity of 5-10 MT.

 
By rubber lining tank trucks directly to industry and customer having valid license with a capacity of 5-10 MT.
 
VI. Liquid Chlorine

Attributes   Specifications
Chemical Formula : CL2
Moisture : 100 max
Purity : 100 max
Packing : In  50 kg/100 kg/1000 kg cylinder

 

 
VII. Chlorinated Paraffin Wax

Attributes   Specifications
Commercial Name : CPW
Nature : Granular
Purity : 100 max
Packing : In poly woven sacks of 25/50 Kgs

 
 

Product Usage

Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)


About 50% of the world's production of hydrogen peroxide in 1994 was used for pulp and paper bleaching. Other bleaching applications are becoming more important as hydrogen peroxide is seen as a more environmentally benign alternative to chlorine based bleaches.

Other major industrial applications for hydrogen peroxide include the manufacture of sodium percarbonate and sodium perborate, used as mild bleaches in laundry detergents. In addition it is used in the production of certain organic peroxides such as dibenzoyl peroxide, used as free radical initiators in polymerisation and other chemical processes. Hydrogen peroxide is also used in the production of epoxides such as propylene oxide. Reaction with carboxylic acids produces a corresponding "per-acid"; for industrial use peracetic acid is prepared in this way from acetic acid.

Hydrogen peroxide has been used as an antiseptic and anti-bacterial agent for many years and used by many hospitals, doctors and dentists in sterilising, cleaning and treating everything from floors to root canal procedures. 35% food-grade hydrogen peroxide has been marketed under names such as "Oxywater" or "H2O2", with claims of medicinal or therapeutic value as Hydrogen Peroxide therapy. Another therapeutic use of hydrogen peroxide is to cure colds and flus.

Hydrogen Peroxide is a powerful oxidiser which is used in Textile Industries.

It is a major ingredient of sodium percarbonate and sodium perborate, and is also used as mild bleach in Laundry detergent.

Hydrogen Peroxide is used in the production of certain organic peroxides and in other chemical processes. Hydrogen peroxide is also used as raw material for producing epoxides such as propylene oxide.

Hydrogen Peroxide is also used as propellant and it also has extensive therapeutic application
Caustic Soda (NaOH) Flakes

  • The use of caustic soda in the textiles industry is mainly confined to finishing operation i.e. scouring, bleaching, and mercerizing
  • It is used extensively in the water treatment plant for pH control and ion exchange resin regeneration. Other uses include effluent neutralization and de-scaling of pipe-work systems.
  • The use of caustic soda in the textiles industry is mainly confined to finishing operation i.e. scouring, bleaching, and mercerizing.
  • Caustic soda is also used in a wide variety of other industrial applications. For example as a reactant in the manufacturing of other sodium compounds which themselves may be intermediate or end use products like house hold beach and disinfectant; Sodium Hypochlorite for electroplating and dyes; Sodium Cyanide for detergent; Sodium Tri-polyphosphate for Antiseptic; and Sodium Phenolate for Aspirin.
  • To make soap hydrolysis of animal and vegetable oils and the fats is done by the action of Caustic Soda.
  • It is also used in the oil drilling industry primarily to control pH level of the drilling mud and secondly as bactericide and calcium remover.
  • Caustic Soda is used in Rayon industry in the process of producing Rayon from bleached wood pulp where its role is to dissolve the lignum, which binds cellulose together.
  • They also have a wide variety of use in the food industry for washing, cleaning, refining of animal and vegetable oils to remove fatty acids.

Stable Bleaching Powder (Calcium Hypochlorite) and Sodium Hypochlorite


Common uses include bleaching, disinfecting, odorodorodour control, chlorination of drinking and process water, oxidation, pH adjustment, and elimination of slime and algae in swimming pool and boiler water.

Industrial uses include poultries, dairies, food processors, petroleum refineries, oil refineries, textiles industries, pulp and paper industries, soap manufacturing, bottling, wood processing, laundries, hospital, hotels and motels, households, waste and sewage treatment, boiler maintenance services etc.
Hydrochloric Acid

          o Metal pickling in the steel industry
          o Bone processing in the gelatingelatine manufacturing industry
          o Manufacturing of dyestuffs, casein, pharmaceuticals, synthetic rubber etc.
          o Effluent treatment and for the regeneration of ion exchange resin in water treatment.

Liquid Chlorine

  • Beaching agent for domestic uses and also for industrial purposes.    * PVC - Packaging, disposable items, office equipments, imitation leather, garden furniture etc. Organic synthesis.
  • To produce HCl and CFCs - propellant, foamed plastic, coolant and refrigerant, dry cleaning etc.

Chlorinated Paraffin Wax

  • Used as Plasticizer like DOP but more cost effective;
  • Used in all plastic industries as raw material.

 

Conclusion

Currently, the Chlor-alkali project is undergoing implementation and is expected to commence commercial production by July 2009. The Hydrogen Peroxide plant is in full operation from early 2008 and the peroxide of SCCL has graced the market with huge success. The feasibility of the project has been conducted and analyzed from the viewpoint of marketing, technical, financial, management, and economic aspects, and was found to be a worthwhile and desirable investment opportunity. The projected financial results and the profitability estimated based on the assumptions explained in this report indicates that this project would successfully service a niche market that has not yet been explored fully and hence it is a very lucrative proposition. The versatile demand for Peroxide, Caustic and its other bi-products are currently met through imports and are sold for premium prices. Moreover, the huge prospect in the textile sector is also going to increase the demand for Caustic Soda in the near future. These scenarios, coupled with the overall industrialization trend in Bangladesh, present us with a unique opportunity for backward integration and service a niche but secured market, and gain huge profit while adding the country’s GDP.

 

 
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